Optometric Vision Therapy Near Me and Reading

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• Students with worse eye movements also showed worse reading fluency and comprehension

• Improved eye movements through vision therapy led to improved fluency and comprehension

• Treatment in the fall led to more improvements compared to treatment in the spring

Reading is the primary route of learning in school. Students who read proficiently in 3rd grade are more likely to graduate from high school and achieve greater economic success. On the flipside, poor reading has been associated with behavioral and social problems in schools. If a child does not read at grade level by 4th grade, his/her future of success is at risk.

Reading requires a complex array of skills to work in concert – language, attention, information processing, vision and eye movements. Eye movements are an important part of the physical act of reading. Poor eye movements can lead to slow reading which decreases fluency. In turn, poor fluency adversely affects reading comprehension. An apt analogy would be riding a bicycle. In order to ride successfully, you need to build up a certain amount of speed; otherwise, you will fall off of the bicycle. Fluency affects reading comprehension in a similar manner, and eye movements influence fluency.

In a study involving more than six hundred elementary students across two different states, improvements in eye movements through optometric vision therapy was shown to improve fluency and comprehension compared to reading skills instruction alone. The treatment group on average showed 50% more improvement in fluency and 300% more improvement in comprehension than the group that did not receive therapy. This improvement held true even in the “high-needs” group which showed pre-treatment fluency at the 26th percentile compared to the 67th percentile for the rest of the students and pre-treatment comprehension at the 40th percentile compared to the 63rd percentile for the rest of the students.

We specialize in optometric vision therapy and its effects on academics. For more information, contact Sugar Land, TX eye doctors and optometrists at Bright Eye Care & Vision Development.

References available upon request.

Medical Disclaimer. The information on this site is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content, including text, graphics, images and information, contained on or available through this website is for general information purposes only.

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Watch Your Step: How Vision Leads Locomotion

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Using new technologies to track how vision guides foot placement, researchers at The University of Texas at Austin come one step closer in determining what is going on in the brain while we walk, paving the way for better treatment for mobility impairments — strokes, aging and Parkinson’s — and technology development — prosthetics and robots.

Walking on natural terrain takes precise coordination between vision and body movements to efficiently and stably traverse any given path. But until now, both vision and locomotion have been studied separately within controlled lab environments, limiting understanding of how various neural and biological systems work together to navigate the natural world.

“One of the beautiful things about visually guided walking is that it involves every level of our perceptuomotor hierarchy. To really understand it, you need to know how vision works, how planning works, how muscles work, how spines work, how physics work,” said Jonathan Matthis, a postdoctoral researcher in the UT Austin Center for Perceptual Systems.

Matthis’ research, published in Cell this April, combined new motion-capture and eye-tracking technologies to track distinct patterns between the two mechanisms. To do so, researchers jerry-rigged a welding mask around an eye tracker — to shade the infrared eye cameras from sunlight — and developed new methods to calibrate the eye tracker with a motion-tracking suit to record gaze and full-body kinematics as participants navigated through three types of terrain: flat, medium and rough terrain.

“Eye movements are incredibly informative as a window into the cognitive process,” Matthis said. “By tracking eyes, we get a clear picture of the kind of information the central nervous system needs to complete any given task.”

Researchers found that participants displayed distinct walking and gaze patterns in each of the terrains. Subjects walked quickly with longer strides on the flat terrain, looking down only about half of the time to briefly scan the upcoming path for obstacles.

On the medium and rough terrain, steps became shorter, slower and more variable, with participants looking at the ground more than 90 percent of the time to precisely fixate upcoming footholds. In the medium terrain, walkers focused primarily on where their foot would be in two steps. The rough terrain required walkers to split their gaze between their future foot placement in two and three steps to allow for longer-term path planning.

Despite these differences, an unexpected pattern emerged: In all three terrains, participants consistently looked 1.5 seconds ahead of their current location. This finding is similar to lookahead timing seen in research on other motor actions — stair climbing, driving and reaching — suggesting that this timing plays an important role in human movement.

“The constant lookahead time suggests that walkers are maintaining some sort of global locomotor strategy that is being tuned to each specific environment,” Matthis said. “Walkers use gaze to ensure that they always know what will be coming up 1.5 seconds down the path.

“Good action decisions require not only good sensory data, but also a consideration of the costs and benefits of the action,” Matthis said. “Taking this type of research out of the lab and into the real world allows us to observe human behavior in its natural environment. This gives us more opportunity to discover things we didn’t expect, which will help us advance our scientific knowledge to the benefit of improving clinical treatment of gait-related disorders.”

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/04/180423125047.htm

For more information, contact Sugar Land, TX eye doctors and optometrists at Bright Eye Care & Vision Development.

Medical Disclaimer. The information on this site is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content, including text, graphics, images and information, contained on or available through this website is for general information purposes only.

 

 

Concussion Duration and Treatment in Sugar Land, TX

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The most common initial symptoms after suffering a concussion are headache, dizziness and fatigue. However, other secondary symptoms often develop afterwards that affect emotional status and cognitive ability. The time course of these symptoms can be debilitating for students. According to a study involving almost 300 students between the ages of 11 to 22 years, one week after injury:

• more than two-thirds still suffered from headache
• a majority still complained about poor concentration, dizziness, fatigue and taking longer to think
• more than 40% still struggled with forgetfulness, light sensitivity and noise sensitivity.

Various studies have shown that eye movements are intimately affected post-concussion. Research also shows that improving eye movements will help improve concussion symptoms. A study involving college athletes even showed that improving eye movements helped reduce the incidence of concussions.

For more information, contact Sugar Land, TX eye doctors and optometrists at Bright Eye Care & Vision Development.

References available upon request.

Medical Disclaimer. The information on this site is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content, including text, graphics, images and information, contained on or available through this website is for general information purposes only.

Amblyopia

Amblyopia Glasses Sugar Land Pediatric Eye Doctor

Amblyopia is the most common cause of childhood vision loss.  Proper diagnosis of the type of amblyopia is crucial for prognosis and treatment.  Oftentimes, the first step in treating amblyopia is glasses.  However, some children will not accept the prescription initially because of how their visual system is locked into working.  Appropriate identification and medicinal management of these children to improve their acceptance of the treatment is vital in overcoming amblyopia.

For more information, please contact Bright Eye Care & Vision Development.