Sports Eye Safety

sports goggles, eye injuries, sugar land, eclipse, football, soccer, basketball, tennis

Eye injuries are the number one cause of blindness in children in the United States. Most of these injuries are sports-related. Young athletes are more prone to injuries because they are still developing hand-eye coordination, balance, reaction time and speed.  According to a report by Prevent Blindness America, there are over 28,000 sports-related eye injuries every year that require emergency room visits.  Basketball is the sport with the highest number of eye injuries in children between the ages of 15-24 years. In children younger than 15 years, the most eye injuries occur in basketball, water sports/activities, baseball/softball and gun-like activities. The National Eye Institute rates the following sports as being high risk for eye injuries: baseball, basketball, hockey, boxing, paintball, racquetball, softball and squash. Moderate risk sports include football, golf, soccer, badminton, tennis and fishing. Low risk sports include diving, skiing, swimming, wrestling and cycling.

Ninety percent of sports-related eye injuries are preventable. Prevent Blindness America recommends that athletes wear protective sports eyewear when participating in sports. To insure that your eyes are properly protected, use sports protective eyewear that is ASTM F803 approved. The American Society for Testing and Materials publishes protective eyewear standards.  F803 is the strictest standard for protective eyewear.  Impact resistant polycarbonate lenses should also be used. These plastic lenses are ten times more resistant to impact than regular lenses. Other important considerations include padding, size and strap length. Regular glasses should not be worn in the field of play. They are not meant to be protective, and can be a cause of major injury.

In short, protect the only set of eyes that you have.

Dry Eye Risk Factors

Sugar Land Dry Eyes

Between 20 million to 59 million Americans suffer from Dry Eye Disease (DED) according to various estimates.  Over the past 18 months, research groups from five different countries have published new data on risk factors for DED.  What these groups have discovered is that there are multiple risk factors involved in DED.  The “risk factors lists” developed by the groups were not identical; however, there were a few risk factors that did appear across all of the reports.  The common risk factors reported by all seven studies were:

  1. Contact Lens Use – contact lens wearers were 2-3 times more likely to suffer from DED.
  2. Gender – females were 2 times more likely to suffer from DED.
  3. Age – those over the age of 60 years were shown to be 3.5 times more likely to suffer from DED.
  4. Mental Health Disorders – those suffering from depression, PTSD or extreme stress were 2 times more likely to suffer also from DED.

Identifying risk factors help in tailoring solutions to DED.

For more information, please contact Bright Eye Care & Vision Development.

References:

1. Ahn JM, Lee SH, Rim TH, Park RJ, Yang HS, Kim TI, Yoon KC, Seo KY. Prevalence of and risk factors associated with dry eye: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010-2011. Am J Ophthalmol. 2014 Dec;158:1205-1214.e7.

2. Paulsen AJ, Cruickshanks KJ, Fischer ME, Huang GH, Klein BE, Klein R, Dalton DS. Dry eye in the beaver dam offspring study: prevalence, risk factors, and health-related quality of life. Am J Ophthalmol. 2014 Apr;157:799-806.

3. Tan LL, Morgan P, Cai ZQ, Straughan RA. Prevalence of and risk factors for symptomatic dry eye disease in Singapore. Clin Exp Optom. 2015 Jan;98:45-53.

4. Liu NN, Liu L, Li J, Sun YZ. Prevalence of and risk factors for dry eye symptom in mainland China: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Ophthalmol. 2014;2014:748654.

5. Yang W, Yang Y, Cao J, Man ZH, Yuan J, Xiao X, Xing YQ. Risk Factors for Dry Eye Syndrome: A Retrospective Case-Control Study. Optom Vis Sci. 2015 March 10. [Epub ahead of print].

6. Vehof J, Kozareva D, Hysi PG, Hammond CJ. Prevalence and risk factors of dry eye disease in a British female cohort. Br J Ophthalmol. 2014 Dec;98:1712-1717.

7. Karaiskos D, Mavragani CP, Makaroni S, Zinzaras E, Voulgarelis M, Rabavilas A, Moutsopoulos HM. Stress, coping strategies and social support in patients with primary Sjögren’s syndrome prior to disease onset: a retrospective case-control study. Ann Rheum Dis. 2009 Jan;68:40-46.

8. Bourcier T, Acosta MC, Borderie V, Borrás F, Gallar J, Bury T, Laroche L, Blemonte C. Decreased corneal sensitivity in patients with dry eye. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Jul;46:2341-2345.

9. Wirth M, Nepp J. Corneal sensitivity in dry eye: A longitudinal pilot study. Spektrum der Augenheilkunde. 2014;28(3):93-101.

10. Li J, Zheng K, Deng Z, Zheng J, Ma H, Sun L, Chen W. Prevalence and risk factors of dry eye disease among a hospital-based population in southeast China. Eye Contact Lens. 2015 Jan;41:44-50.