Here are the results of a clever study: Students who DID NOT have ADHD or visual skills problems, were temporarily MADE TO HAVE a visual skills problem by the research team. Their sustained attention dropped significantly as tested by the Conners CPT compared to before they were made to have a visual skills problem. The research team concluded that visual skills affect sustained attention and that visual skills problems often compound the symptoms of inattention.
Does your child lose concentration easily when asked to read, write or complete near-work? Visual skills might be playing a role in his/her inattention. Schedule a visual skills exam in addition to a yearly eye exam.
If a normally-sighted child has two or more moderate risk factors for nearsightedness, then he/she should be evaluated every six months. If two or more risk factors are high, then active treatment to slow down the progression of myopia is recommended. If a child is already myopic, active treatment is recommended and he/she should be monitored every six months. Increasing nearsightedness not only requires thicker and thicker glasses, but it increases the risks of other eye diseases such as cataracts, glaucoma and retinal holes and tears.
Another risk factor for developing nearsightedness is the amount of time spent doing near vision tasks such as reading, writing, drawing, computer work and handheld games. Depending on the amount of time spent, your child may be subjecting himself to low, moderate or high risk of myopia.
The amount of time spent outdoors in daylight is also a risk factor for developing, and worsening, nearsightedness. Depending on the amount of time spent in daylight, you may be subjecting yourself to low, medium or high risk of myopia.
Here’s another risk factor for developing nearsightedness – focusing inaccuracy. If a child displays inadequate focusing levels, then he or she will be either at moderate or high risk for developing, and worsening, myopia.
Another risk factor for developing nearsightedness is a young child’s refractive status. If a child’s visual status is less than age normal, then he/she is at medium risk for developing myopia in the future. If a child is already myopic at a young age, then he/she is at high risk for increasing nearsightedness. Prescriptions can continue to change until the age of 22 years old for most people.
Research shows that there are many factors that contribute to the development of nearsightedness. There is not just one element that causes myopia. Consequently, we should not view any one factor as the singular cause of nearsightedness, but rather we should understand that it’s one piece of the puzzle. One of the known risk factors is family history. If you have one parent who is myopic, then the children are 3X’s more likely to develop nearsightedness. If both parents are nearsighted, then the children are 6X’s more likely to develop myopia.