Optometric Vision Therapy Near Me and Reading

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• Students with worse eye movements also showed worse reading fluency and comprehension

• Improved eye movements through vision therapy led to improved fluency and comprehension

• Treatment in the fall led to more improvements compared to treatment in the spring

Reading is the primary route of learning in school. Students who read proficiently in 3rd grade are more likely to graduate from high school and achieve greater economic success. On the flipside, poor reading has been associated with behavioral and social problems in schools. If a child does not read at grade level by 4th grade, his/her future of success is at risk.

Reading requires a complex array of skills to work in concert – language, attention, information processing, vision and eye movements. Eye movements are an important part of the physical act of reading. Poor eye movements can lead to slow reading which decreases fluency. In turn, poor fluency adversely affects reading comprehension. An apt analogy would be riding a bicycle. In order to ride successfully, you need to build up a certain amount of speed; otherwise, you will fall off of the bicycle. Fluency affects reading comprehension in a similar manner, and eye movements influence fluency.

In a study involving more than six hundred elementary students across two different states, improvements in eye movements through optometric vision therapy was shown to improve fluency and comprehension compared to reading skills instruction alone. The treatment group on average showed 50% more improvement in fluency and 300% more improvement in comprehension than the group that did not receive therapy. This improvement held true even in the “high-needs” group which showed pre-treatment fluency at the 26th percentile compared to the 67th percentile for the rest of the students and pre-treatment comprehension at the 40th percentile compared to the 63rd percentile for the rest of the students.

We specialize in optometric vision therapy and its effects on academics. For more information, contact Sugar Land, TX eye doctors and optometrists at Bright Eye Care & Vision Development.

References available upon request.

Medical Disclaimer. The information on this site is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content, including text, graphics, images and information, contained on or available through this website is for general information purposes only.

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Watch Your Step: How Vision Leads Locomotion

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Using new technologies to track how vision guides foot placement, researchers at The University of Texas at Austin come one step closer in determining what is going on in the brain while we walk, paving the way for better treatment for mobility impairments — strokes, aging and Parkinson’s — and technology development — prosthetics and robots.

Walking on natural terrain takes precise coordination between vision and body movements to efficiently and stably traverse any given path. But until now, both vision and locomotion have been studied separately within controlled lab environments, limiting understanding of how various neural and biological systems work together to navigate the natural world.

“One of the beautiful things about visually guided walking is that it involves every level of our perceptuomotor hierarchy. To really understand it, you need to know how vision works, how planning works, how muscles work, how spines work, how physics work,” said Jonathan Matthis, a postdoctoral researcher in the UT Austin Center for Perceptual Systems.

Matthis’ research, published in Cell this April, combined new motion-capture and eye-tracking technologies to track distinct patterns between the two mechanisms. To do so, researchers jerry-rigged a welding mask around an eye tracker — to shade the infrared eye cameras from sunlight — and developed new methods to calibrate the eye tracker with a motion-tracking suit to record gaze and full-body kinematics as participants navigated through three types of terrain: flat, medium and rough terrain.

“Eye movements are incredibly informative as a window into the cognitive process,” Matthis said. “By tracking eyes, we get a clear picture of the kind of information the central nervous system needs to complete any given task.”

Researchers found that participants displayed distinct walking and gaze patterns in each of the terrains. Subjects walked quickly with longer strides on the flat terrain, looking down only about half of the time to briefly scan the upcoming path for obstacles.

On the medium and rough terrain, steps became shorter, slower and more variable, with participants looking at the ground more than 90 percent of the time to precisely fixate upcoming footholds. In the medium terrain, walkers focused primarily on where their foot would be in two steps. The rough terrain required walkers to split their gaze between their future foot placement in two and three steps to allow for longer-term path planning.

Despite these differences, an unexpected pattern emerged: In all three terrains, participants consistently looked 1.5 seconds ahead of their current location. This finding is similar to lookahead timing seen in research on other motor actions — stair climbing, driving and reaching — suggesting that this timing plays an important role in human movement.

“The constant lookahead time suggests that walkers are maintaining some sort of global locomotor strategy that is being tuned to each specific environment,” Matthis said. “Walkers use gaze to ensure that they always know what will be coming up 1.5 seconds down the path.

“Good action decisions require not only good sensory data, but also a consideration of the costs and benefits of the action,” Matthis said. “Taking this type of research out of the lab and into the real world allows us to observe human behavior in its natural environment. This gives us more opportunity to discover things we didn’t expect, which will help us advance our scientific knowledge to the benefit of improving clinical treatment of gait-related disorders.”

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/04/180423125047.htm

For more information, contact Sugar Land, TX eye doctors and optometrists at Bright Eye Care & Vision Development.

Medical Disclaimer. The information on this site is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content, including text, graphics, images and information, contained on or available through this website is for general information purposes only.

 

 

Concussion Duration and Treatment in Sugar Land, TX

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The most common initial symptoms after suffering a concussion are headache, dizziness and fatigue. However, other secondary symptoms often develop afterwards that affect emotional status and cognitive ability. The time course of these symptoms can be debilitating for students. According to a study involving almost 300 students between the ages of 11 to 22 years, one week after injury:

• more than two-thirds still suffered from headache
• a majority still complained about poor concentration, dizziness, fatigue and taking longer to think
• more than 40% still struggled with forgetfulness, light sensitivity and noise sensitivity.

Various studies have shown that eye movements are intimately affected post-concussion. Research also shows that improving eye movements will help improve concussion symptoms. A study involving college athletes even showed that improving eye movements helped reduce the incidence of concussions.

For more information, contact Sugar Land, TX eye doctors and optometrists at Bright Eye Care & Vision Development.

References available upon request.

Medical Disclaimer. The information on this site is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content, including text, graphics, images and information, contained on or available through this website is for general information purposes only.

From High School to College Athletics: The Missing Link

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Have you ever wondered why some of the biggest, tallest, fastest high school athletes never even have a chance to play in college much less in the pros? Here are some statistics compiled by the NCAA:

• 3.3% of high school women basketball players compete in college
• 3.0% of high school men basketball players compete in college
• 5.7% of high school football players compete in college
• 5.5% of high school men soccer players compete in college
• 9.3% of high school women soccer players compete in college

Here is a common, and often overlooked reason, for not being able to continue as quoted by the head athletic trainer of the NHL’s Carolina Hurricanes:

“As I look at all the trends in sports medicine and how things are constantly changing to improve the athlete’s performance, one aspect stands alone as the most underrated attribute an athlete can develop. Without question, in my 30 years as a physical therapist, athletic trainer and strength coach, I have found that we underestimate the importance of vision.

To realize just how important vision is, try testing athletes’ muscles with the athletes looking at their own muscle and then again with them looking away. They will immediately notice an improvement in strength. Another quick test is to have athletes evaluate their vertical jump with a downward gaze versus an upward gaze. The upward gaze adds a minimum of two inches to their vertical height. The old adage that the eyes drive the body is very appropriate for these two tests.

The subject of eyes is in every aspect of my sports medicine program. It starts at the NHL combine where results of vision scores are taken under serious consideration during the NHL Draft. It has been shown that the single-best fitness score that correlates to the chance of making the NHL are results from the combine vision tests. During preseason testing, eye scores are again scrutinized by management and coaching staff. It is almost always a certainty that our best goaltenders and best face-off athletes score the highest.

Another area in which we utilize eye scores is when making sure an athlete’s vision is back to normal after suffering a concussion. I believe this is a critical area to which we often don’t devote enough attention. We generally look at many other signs and symptoms but fall short when it comes to making sure the vision is back to normal. This, then, may put the athlete in harm’s way and at risk of another injury or exacerbating the present symptoms, thus setting back the athlete.”

The eye scores that he is referring to involve more than just whether the athlete needs contacts or glasses to see 20/20 or better. Don’t let vision hold you or your athlete back from achieving his/her best. Be evaluated. We can help improve your vision for sports. We have already done so for a number of athletes.

For more information, contact Sugar Land, TX eye doctors and optometrists at Bright Eye Care & Vision Development.

References available upon request.

Medical Disclaimer. The information on this site is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content, including text, graphics, images and information, contained on or available through this website is for general information purposes only.

Online Eyeglasses

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According to a study conducted by The Vision Council, the Optical Laboratories Association and the American Optometric Association:

• 1 in 4 people who order glasses online WILL NOT even receive their order
• 1 out of every 2 glasses ordered online will have an INCORRECT PRESCRIPTION or SAFETY CONCERNS

In the study, 200 pairs of eyeglasses – adult’s and children’s – were ordered from 10 of the most popular online vendors. Various frame styles, materials, prescriptions and lens styles were ordered. The study then inspected sphere power, cylinder power, axis, add power, pupillary distance, center thickness and impact resistance.

For more information, contact Sugar Land, TX eye doctors and optometrists at Bright Eye Care & Vision Development.

References available upon request.

Medical Disclaimer. The information on this site is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content, including text, graphics, images and information, contained on or available through this website is for general information purposes only.

ADHD and Eye Movements

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Improving eye movements has been shown to improve ADHD symptoms. In a clinical study involving children between the ages of 8 and 13 years, therapy to improve eye movements resulted in improved ADHD symptoms. Parent-reported scores on the K-ARS (Korea ADHD Rating Scale) dropped from an average of 23.25 before therapy to an average of 17.13 after therapy. A score of ≥ 19 on the K-ARS diagnoses symptomatic ADHD.

If your child is suspected of having ADHD, treating any underlying eye movement deficit can improve their symptoms, quality of life and academic progress. For more information, please contact Sugar Land, TX eye doctors and optometrists at Bright Eye Care & Vision Development.

References available upon request.

Medical Disclaimer. The information on this site is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content, including text, graphics, images and information, contained on or available through this website is for general information purposes only.

Keeping an Eye on ADHD

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Eye movements have been shown to be an accurate, objective way to diagnose ADHD in children. In a recently published study, eye movement testing was able to diagnose ADHD accurately in approximately 96% of children.

Traditionally, there has not been a single objective test to diagnose ADHD. Rather, ADHD has been diagnosed through questionnaires and symptoms criteria set forth by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. These questionnaires have shown an accuracy of approximately 78%.

If your child is suspected of having ADHD, research and clinical experience indicate that thoroughly evaluating their eye movements is wise. Doing so can help confirm diagnosis. In addition, improving eye movements has been shown to improve ADHD symptoms without the use of medications.

For more information, contact Sugar Land, TX eye doctors and optometrists at Bright Eye Care & Vision Development.

References available upon request.

Medical Disclaimer. The information on this site is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content, including text, graphics, images and information, contained on or available through this website is for general information purposes only.

Dyslexia

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Reading requires a complex array of skills to work in concert. When one or a combination of these processes do not work in harmony, then reading becomes a struggle. Eye movements are an important component in reading – both in dyslexics and non-dyslexics.

Clinical studies indicate that up to 70% of dyslexics have significantly worse eye movements than their normally-reading counterparts. Research also shows that eye movements can be improved through training. One study showed that 80% of its dyslexic subjects improved their eye movements by the end of the study.

Even more excitingly, these studies show that improvements in eye movements in dyslexics can transfer to improvements in reading. In one study, dyslexics showed a 50% decrease in reading errors after targeted eye movement training.

Of course, eye movements are not the only factor contributing to reading struggles. However, improving one of the contributing factors may go a long way in helping students who struggle with reading.

For more information, contact Dr. Edward Fong and Bright Eye Care & Vision Development.

References:

Seassau M, Gerard CL, Bui-Quoc E, Bucci MP. Binocular saccade coordination
in reading and visual search: a developmental study in typical reader and
dyslexic children. Front Integr Neurosci 2014;8:85.

Tiadi A, Gerard CL, Peyre H, Bui-Quoc E, et al. Immaturity of visual fixations
in dyslexic children. Front Hum Neurosci 2016;10:58.

Bucci MP, Nassibi N, Gerard CL, Bui-Quoc E. Immaturity of the oculomotor
saccade and vergence interaction in dyslexic children: evidence from a reading
and visual search study. PLoS One 2012;7(3):e33458.

Fischer B, Hartnegg K. Effects of visual training on saccade control in dyslexia.
Perception 2000;29(5):531-42.

Fischer B, Hartnegg K. Saccade control in dyslexia: development, deficits, training and transfer to reading. Optom Vis Dev 2008;39(4):181-90.

Medical Disclaimer. The information on this site is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content, including text, graphics, images and information, contained on or available through this website is for general information purposes only.

Autism and the Need for Glasses

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Children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder see and understand the world differently according to research studies and clinical experience. People with ASD can have unique vision disorders that affect the way that they communicate and interact with others and their environment. Over the next week or two, we will be highlighting some of those differences.

According to research studies, children with ASD are 3X’s more likely to have significant astigmatism. Studies also indicate that up to 44% of children with ASD have a significant spectacle prescription – either myopia, hyperopia and/or astigmatism. If left untreated, these entities can affect how a child interacts socially, learns and physically moves in his/her environment. As with other aspects of ASD, early intervention can help maximize quality of life.

For more information, please contact Sugar Land, TX eye doctors and optometrists at Bright Eye Care & Vision Development.

References:

Scharre JE, Creedon MP. Assessment of visual function in autistic children. Optom Vis Sci 1992;69: 433–439.

Ezegwui IR, Lawrence L, Aghaji AE et al. Refractive errors in children with autism in
a developing country. Niger J Clin Pract 2014; 17:467–470.

Anketell PM, Saunders KJ, Gallagher S et al. Profile of refractive errors in European
Caucasian children with autistic spectrum disorder; increased prevalence and magnitude of astigmatism. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2016; 36:395–403.

Medical Disclaimer. The information on this site is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content, including text, graphics, images and information, contained on or available through this website is for general information purposes only.

Amblyopia Affects Reading

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  • Approximately 1-2 children in every classroom will suffer from amblyopia
  • Amblyopia is the most common one-eyed vision impairment in children
  • Amblyopia slows down reading speed

Reading is heavily reliant on a person’s vision. The parts of vision that are important in reading include eyesight as well as other visual skills such as eye coordination, eye focusing and fine eye movements. Clinical studies show that children with amblyopia read approximately 25% slower than their non-amblyopic counterparts. These studies involve “normally-reading” students rather than those diagnosed with a reading disability. Reading speed affects fluency, and fluency affects comprehension.

Amblyopia is the inability to see 20/20 out of each eye even with optical correction despite the absence of eye disease. Differentiating children who are actually amblyopic versus those who would be able to see 20/20 with a prescription is important. The prognosis for amblyopia is good if it is detected early enough, diagnosed properly and subsequently treated appropriately.

For more information, please contact Sugar Land, TX eye doctors and optometrists at Bright Eye Care & Vision Development.

References:

R. Kelly, Krista & Jost, Reed & De La Cruz, Angie & Dao, Lori & L. Beauchamp, Cynthia & Stager, David & Birch, Eileen. (2017). Slow reading in children with anisometropic amblyopia is associated with gaze instability and increased saccades. J AAPOS 21. e10. 10.1016/j.jaapos.2017.07.028.

Medical Disclaimer. The information on this site is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content, including text, graphics, images and information, contained on or available through this website is for general information purposes only.